Valencia — the Palace of the Generalitat
Palace Zheneralidad (autonomous region government building) is located in the city center, the four-minute walk north from the Cathedral. Za its long history has repeatedly expanded the palace and being completed, and the architecture of the building is a combination of several styles, such as a late Gothic, Renaissance, Classicism and erreresko (named Po behalf of the Spanish architect Juan Bautista de Herrera). In addition to the political significance of the palace is odnim of the best examples of civil architecture in Valencia.
His story begins at 1418g, when the Board of Deputies decided to choose the building for meetings. It was decided to place it in the center of the city, close t the Cathedral, ryadom, home to members of different branches of government. Construction of the palace began architect Montano in 1421 with the construction of large tower on the right side of the building, which overlooks the square of the Virgin. Second floor building was completed in klassicheskom style. Crowned by a tower balustrade resembling decoration of the monastery of El Escorial.
In 1481, the deputies decided to buy the adjacent zdanie to expand the territory of the palace, and to make room for the archive. Francesco Martinez engaged in interior decoration and master Simon de Girreya and Garcia de Karsastiyo dekorirovali roof archive sculptures in the Roman style.
In 1511 completely changed the appearance of the palace. The work conducted mason Joan Korber and his assistants. They dismantled the old yards, combined two separate buildings in-One. Five ancient stone arches were replaced by two large arches and built a staircase.
At the end of 1513 the neighboring building, located between the palace and pereulkom that separates the old part of the city, was put up for sale and bought by the authorities. Now it is the main fortress tower. Around the same time begins registration of the New Hall (Sala Nova). In 1538g architect Juan Baptista Karber did seven windows fpontonami decorated the perimeter. On the level above were made small square windows, decorated in the style of the Renaissance.
In 1568 there were built pedestal and pavement with ceramics from Manises. In 1584 Mary and sculptor Joan Baptista Aprilia's drawings of the architect Pere de Gorssari built a portal that connected the chapel and the new hall. It was then decided to decorate the walls of the hall portretami deputies artist Joan de Sarin. Unfortunately, they have not survived to the present day because of the many permutations and humidity.
The main entrance to the palace of the Caballeros street leads to a courtyard in the Gothic style. Located near the Golden Hall (Sala Dorada), got its name from the gilded ceiling in the style of the Renaissance. Hall was built Ginnesom Linares in 1534. Passage with a Gothic arch, topped with a beautiful frieze in the Renaissance style, leads into a small hall royal architect Mariano Beniura. On the right is a chapel with an altar 1606 of Fondestalda. Apia prominent part of the altar is the "Crucifixion" of Francisco Ribalta.
In the early 17th century was built a new altar for the chapel, and in the middle of the century was built a new portal for the facade, which faces the street Caballeros. Was used not only different shades of stone, but the white marble. Also created new wooden sash door and expanded the corner balkon.
Gothic staircase leads from the courtyard to the grand Hall of the Cortes (Sala de Cortes), which took place sobraniya representatives of the Spanish Parliament. In this room are remarkable wall paintings and frescoes by Juan Sarin. Cortes is adjacent to the Hall Royal Hall (Salon de reyes), which is represented on the walls of a galaxy of portraits of the kings of Valencia, from James I the Conqueror to Alfonso XIII. However, the original furnishings did not come until today. Now Hall is used for receptions.
The new fortress tower that overlooks the street Manises, was built in the 50s of the last century architect Louis Alberotom Bayesterosom. He managed to seamlessly fit sovremennye architectural form of the tower to the old architecture of the building.