Madrid — Plaza Cervantes
Cervantes is located in the area hodby minutes from the University and the College of San Ildefonso. It was built around the 13th century. Although initially nahodilas area outside the city walls of the city, later it became part of Alcala, and since the 16th century has become a sotsialny and cultural center of the city, which is to this day.
The area is also known as a market, tak as the Middle Ages here once a week the market was located, and with the approval of the King of Castile in 1184 are held annually yarmarka. In addition, an area often held all sorts of public events, including a bullfight (the 19th century) and autodafe. In the 19th century the area partially rebuilt and renamed the area Cervantes, and in that form it has reached our days.
Until 1936 the square was Cervantes tserkov medieval St. Mary Major. To have survived only two chapels: Jesus de la Luz (baroque, 17th century) and Oidor (built in the early 15th century royal advisor, Don Pedro Diaz of Toledo). Particularly noteworthy element of the interior is the Chapel Oidor Gothic arch with plaster lepninoy and refurbished baptismal font where Oct. 9, 1547 Cervantes was baptized. On the side of the ruins of the church is a monument to Cervantes biographer Louis Astrane Marina. Also on the square is a bronze statuya of the Cervantes (1879), the work of Italian sculptor Pedro Nicoli.
Left through the area is the local town hall, which used to be college-monastery of St. Charles Borromeo. In 1870 it was transferred to the city administration. Facade is eclectic style, while the interior is decorated with a rich collection of paintings, sculptures and other decorative elements of historical and cultural tsennost.
On the same side of the square nahoditsya Patio Comedy Theatre, which is a unique piece of European architecture, since its inception in 1602, is played and performed for four centuries. B 1769 original patio turned into an indoor theater in the form of a coliseum, and in 1830 - the theater of the Romantic era. In the course of these reconstructions have been preserved traces of all previous phases stroitelstva theater.
Other attractions in Madrid:
The Prado Museum
The Royal Palace
Catedral de la Almudena de Madrid
Museo Nacional Centro de arte Reina Sofia
Plaza de Cervantes
Puerta del Sol
Iglesia San Francisco el Grande
Real Jardin Botanico
Iglesia de San Antonio
Puerta de Alcala
Museo Casa Natal de Cervantes de Alcala de Henares
Puerta de Toledo
Puerta de los Martires