Madrid — The Church of St. Anthony
The Church of St. Antonio de la Florida raspolagaetsya Street Glorieta de San Antonio (Building 5), next to the River Manzanares, it is dedicated to St. Anthony of Padua. This revered holy people born in Lisbon. According to legend, while in Italy, he was able to miraculously travel back to his homeland to save his father, unjustly accused of ubiystve. Anthony raised the murdered and he called the name of the real killer. Feast of St. Anthony, one of the best Christian preachers annually celebrated in Madrid and throughout the Catholic world on June 13, the most popular St. Anthony in Latin countries - Spain, Italy, Portugal and Latin America. In etot day the girls gather in the chapel to throw pins into the font of holy water, which is believed to help them find the bride and settle his personal life.
The first chapel was built on the site in 1720 and Jose Churrigera razrushena in 1768 due to the construction of the road. Just two years later, Charles III commissioned to build a new church, which was in turn destroyed by Charles IV. King Charles IV acquired the palace de la Florida, which belonged to the Marquis de Castel Rodrigo, to create for itself the Manor to rest. The Mode started immediately (from 1792 to 1798) and included the construction of a new chapel of St. Anthony de La Florida. From the royal estates to date remained odna a chapel. Neoclassical building, having regard to the Greek (ravnokonechnogo) cross with a dome, topped with Lantern (lantern), designed the fountain.
The main artistic value chacovni, attracting tourists are the great frescoes by Goya. All the work he carried out for five months, from August to December 1798. The most significant is his painting of the dome of the chapel, which shows-One of the miracles of Saint Anthony of Padua. The figure shows the figures of angels, ferrying Anthony in Lisbon, Where the deceased is brought before the court and shows the innocence of his father. Work is 6 meters in diameter.
At the foot of the chancel is the tomb of the artist, kotorom stored gravestone that was installed earlier in the cemetery of Burdeos, a place where he died Goya. Next to it was buried by his friend Martin Miguel de Goicoechea. September 29, 1919, they were buried together in the chapel de la Florida, in order to avoid possible errors in identifikatsii the remains of the artist.
In 1905, the chapel was declared a national monument, and in 1929 there were again proizvoditsya church services.
Other attractions in Madrid:
The Prado Museum
The Royal Palace
Catedral de la Almudena de Madrid
Museo Nacional Centro de arte Reina Sofia
Plaza de Cervantes
Puerta del Sol
Iglesia San Francisco el Grande
Real Jardin Botanico
Iglesia de San Antonio
Puerta de Alcala
Museo Casa Natal de Cervantes de Alcala de Henares
Puerta de Toledo
Puerta de los Martires