Barcelona — Montjuic Castle
Barcelona - Montjuic Castle raspolozhen on the eastern slope of the mountain of the same name, 500 m from the Olympic Village. This ancient fortress, nastoyaschy moment is a military museum.
The first building on the site was a patrol bashney facing the sea and the tracking of ships approaching the city. In 1640, while ye the rebellion against Philip IV of this place was built the first fortification in the form of a mound of earth. Fort was rebuilt in a real castle in 1694g, although it continued to rework the late 18th century. IT'S been a mighty fortress, numbering about 120 guns. During the uprising in 1842 Espartero here shelled Barcelona to crush the rebellion.
Since the late 19th century, the castle was used as tyurma for political prisoners, including anarchists, and during the Civil War, the Republicans turned it into a place of mass executions in the infamous Pit St. Helena (Foso de Santa Elena). Until 1960 he remained voennoy prison until 1963, after three years of renovations, General Franco has not opened with fanfare in it a military museum.
Since the castle has never remained abandoned and podvergalsya assaults, it is in excellent condition and has successfully demonstrated by the example fortifikatsionnogo buildings of the 17th century. Numerous exhibits in the museum include, chastnosti, guns of the 20th century, set in the open air.
Other attractions of Barcelona:
Catedral de Barcelona
Castillo de Monjuic
Museu Nacional d’art de Catalunya
Iglesia Santa Maria del Mar
Palacio de la Generalidad de Cataluna
Iglesia del Sagrado Corazon
Basilica de la Merced
Palau de la Musica Catalana
The Royal Palace of Pedralbes
The Picasso Museum
Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona, MACBA
Parc de la Ciutadella
Museu Futbol Club Barcelona President Nunes