01 Madrid Spain 2012
Madrid - the capital and largest city of Spain. It is a royal residence of the Bourbons
and sits on the Spanish Parliament. O The first mention of the city belong to the XI century, and stolitsey Spain
He was in the middle of the XVI century.
From Barcelona to Madrid go modern high-speed (300 km / h) trains that 3 hours preodolevayut about 700 km and carry you out
stolitsy Catalonia in Spain's capital:
Madrid is located in the center of the Iberian Peninsula, on the banks of the river nebolshoy Mansaranes, at an altitude of 667 metrov above sea level.
Thanks to this arrangement, the climate in Madride - continental, with hot letom, colder than the winter on the coasts, and small
Madrida population of about 3.2 million people, and the whole Madridskoy aglomeratsii - about 5.8 million people
(end of 2005). Gorod covers an area of ??about 600 km2:
Madrid - one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It preserved medieval buildings and classic architecture XVIII-XIX vekov.
He survived the modernization of the early XX century, when, instead of the old narrow streets were laid new wide, which were postroeny building
Art Nouveau and the civil war and the defense of Franco, ye the time that many of the buildings were destroyed:
Plaza de Espana - odna Madrida of the main squares, a kind of tip of Gran Via. South side of the square is seated high plane trees under which you can always find a shady place to rest. For the Sycamores is the central park in the center of kotorogo installed majestic monument to Cervantes, sozdanny sculptors Mateo Inurriya and Teodoro Anasagasti:
All the tourists for the first time found themselves on ploschadi Spain, can not resist the temptation to take a picture with the famous characters of Cervantes -
noble knight Don Quixote and his faithful Sancho Panza oruzhenostsem. Their sculptures are part of the monument to Cervantes. these
immortal heroes here seemed to have gone from the pages of the famous book - one to the right and toschem Rosinante, and the other - on sytom and contented,
similar to the host, a donkey:
Egyptian temple Debot. This Egyptian temple was donated by Egypt for Spain pomosch provided by the government to save
temples in Nubia. The building is oriented east-west and is surrounded by water: the same as in the place of ego pervonachalnogo stay.
Dedicated to the cult of the Egyptian gods Amon and Isis, the temple 2,200 years old and was formerly situated in the Debod on the Nile. The temple
neskolko a variety of accommodations, and the most important among them - Chapel with reliefs, retained in its original form and
being naibolee ancient part of it, where you can contemplate the scene of ritual acts:
The second part of the church as if a mirror image of the first:
Madrida royal majesty, the former and current stresses in its architectural ensembles and dostoprimechatelnostyah. Among them,
The ensemble is necessary to highlight the Royal Palace to the adjacent Sabatini and Campo del Moro and ploschadyu Plaza de Oriente,
Square Plaza Mayor, Puerta del Sol, Plaza de Cibeles:
We drive to the Royal Palace:
The Royal Palace, kotory served as the residence of Spanish kings from Charles III, and to Alfonso XIII, will be a real journey
deep into the history of Spain. Hotya currently reigning monarch of the family does not live there, the palace ostaetsya the official residence of the Kings
Spain and its oruzheynaya Chamber holds one of the most significant collections of Arms and armor in the world:
Entrance to the Palace:
Right in front of the Royal Palace, is a beautiful sobor Almudena Cathedral. The Virgin is the patroness of the Almudena
the city, and it is named in honor of the sobor of Santa Maria la Real de la Almudena :
Tradition says chto James, who preached Christianity in the Iberian Peninsula, brought to Spain the statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
And when the Arabs conquered the land, believers hid shrine chtoby protect it from invaders. In 1083, King Alfonso VI reconquered Madrid,
but the statue has not been found. But the image of the Holy soon he found himself. One day, after a solemn prayer service, during
procession led by King, one of the walls themselves sbposila with a few stones, revealing the statue of their patroness of the believers.
From this place korni word "Almudena", chto translates from Arabic as "fortress":
The gates of the cathedral:
Inside the Cathedral of the Almudena:
We go further:
On the way, comes across a local miracle:
Far away mountains of the Sierra de Guadarrama, which feeds water to the entire city. This is the reason that the average life expectancy in 85 years:
The house where he lived Julio Iglesias:
Plaza Mayor (Spanish: Plaza Mayor - «Main Square") - one of the central squares of the Spanish capital. Located in a part that is called the "Austrian Madridom." Vies to Puerta del Sol for the right to be called the main square of the capital city, but unlike the democratic Puerta del Sol, Plaza Mayor - the status area, "the navel of Spain," as Lope de Vega.
Madridskogo area in the style of Baroque, Shout of the few monuments of the Habsburgs' s projects was built by architect Juan Gomez de Mora:
Quite unexpectedly met modest Chingachgook:
Alcala Gate (La Puerta de Alcala) - Monument in the Independence Square in Madride 1778:
The magnificent church of St. Jerome:
Next to the Prado Museum Church of St. Jerome. It was built in 1505 as the main church of the monastery of the Order of St. Jerome.
The last in this church in 1975 was crowned the present King of Spain Juan Carlos I:
Entrance to the Prado Museum: