Toledo — a city located in New Castile, on the right bank of the river Tagus. The administrative center of the province of Toledo, with a population of 44,400 inhabitants (1970). The ancient craft center (metal production, including the attributes of bullfighting - blades, banderilli etc; ceramic, silk and wool).
Attractions of Toledo:
- Alcazar Palace (from the Arabic-Al-Qasar, which means "fortress") is located at the highest point of Toledo, towering over the other buildings in the town. Sources indicate that this place was a fortress town since ancient times.
- Log in Toledo best through the north gate Puerta Nueva de Bisagra, one of the nine extant city gates, these gates appear to be most impressive. Built in the X century. Arabs, the gate was rebuilt in the XVI century. and now consists of two parts of different times, these gates are tied with Toledo in the north of the valley - the Arabs called it "red" because of the reddish color of the earth.
- Hospital Tavera, also known as the Hospital of St. John the Baptist, was begun in 1541 by Juan Pardo de Tavera, the Toledo archbishop and chief inquisitor. The hospital is one of the few monuments in the city in the Renaissance style. The hospital is located outside the city walls outside the gates Bisagra, and so it is also called the "outer» (Hospital de Afuera).
- Castle of San Servando - a fine example of medieval defensive structure in the style of "Mudejar". The castle is located near the bridge over the Tagus river Alcantara. At this point in the days of the Roman fortification existed.
- main attraction of Toledo - the cathedral, located a ten minute walk from the Alcazar. He still remains a place of worship, and during the service entrance to the temple free, at other times it functions as a museum.
- Monastery of St. John, the Franciscan Order, was built on the order of "Catholic Kings", Ferdinand and Isabella, at the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries. Gothic-style "Isabelino." The church was conceived as a monument to the victory of the Spanish monarchs in battle with Alfonso V of Portugal in Toro (1476) - an important step in resolving the conflict caused by the ascent to the throne of Juana la Beltraneha.
- Mosque Santo Cristo de la Luz dates back to the 10th century when, during the reign of the Moors there is a mosque Beebe Al Marden. The existing structure is precisely this period. In the mosque the inscription indicating that it was the first architect Moussa ibn Ali de Saad.
- Alcantara Bridge, Toledo. The name "Alcantara" means "bridge." In Arabic, although the bridge was built by the Romans, and it is located in the Spanish Toledo.
- Area Zocodover, Toledo. Main area of ??Toledo, unlike most Spanish cities not Plaza Mayor, and Plaza de Zocodover (Plaza de Zocodover). It is located in the north-eastern part of the city, has an irregular shape.
- Synagogue del Transito in a Moorish-style hotel is in the Jewish Quarter in the west of Toledo.
- Church of Santiago de Arrabal was built on the site of the Arab mosque, to which there was the ancient Visigoth temple. Construction of the church was laid by Alfonso VI in the 11th century, as the construction was completed in the 13th century.
- Church of St. Thomas, Toledo. The church belongs to the 12th century, it was built on the site of the mosque. In the early 14th century it was completely rebuilt by order of Count Orgaz - Don Gonzalo Ruiz. Earl died in 1312, leaving the necessary funds to build a church.
Map of Toledo: