Sevilla — One of the most famous cities in Spain. About this town knows almost the entire world. Fertile and sunny climate of Seville attracted to this city, many civilizations: Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans. In ancient times there was a small spot of Seville Iberian settlement, then a colony of Phoenicians Ispalis. From the III. BC the city passed into the hands of the Romans. Legends claim that there were born the famous Roman emperors Trajan, Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius.
Attractions of Sevilla:
- Alcazar is one of the most ancient royal palaces in Europe.
- created in the second half of the XIX century, the Archaeological Museum from 1946 is the Renaissance Pavilion, built in Plateresque, located to the south of the Plaza de America, in Maria Luisa Park. This is one of the most important museums in the world in the field of archeology. It contains the magnificent collection of exhibits enormous archaeological and artistic value.
- Archive of the Indies building was constructed in 1598, it is made in a simple style of the Renaissance, and includes two floors and an elegant courtyard with a portico. Previously, it housed the Mercantile Exchange, while in 1758, Charles III was not dedicated to building a different, more honorable purpose: keeping Archive of the Indies, the documents which until then were stored in different places.
- Great Mercy Hospital building resembles seviltsam not just about piety, this building is often mentioned together with the name of the blasphemer and rake Don Juan.
- neoclassical building of the Palace of San Telmo was built near the Guadalquivir river at the end of the XVII century, though its portal, designed in the style Churrigueresque refers to the XVIII century, is the work of architect Leonardo de Figueroa. In the beginning it housed the Naval School, which is reminiscent of the central figure at the entrance - San Telmo, the patron of sailors, surrounded by allegorical sculptures associated with navigation. Here, at a time when the college was marine fleet - up to 1847 - attended by Gustavo Adolfo Becquer.
- Gold Tower, Torre del Oro (Spanish: Torre del Oro) - attraction on the waterfront of the Guadalquivir Seville, Moorish tower, built to protect the harbor of Seville. The origin of the name of this tower is the subject of dispute. Some claim that the name comes from the golden color of its cover tiles, and others - that it was stored brought from the New World Gold.
- Cathedral is the largest church in Spain and the third largest in the Christian world, it is only surpassed by St. Peter's Basilica in Rome and St. Paul's Cathedral in London.
- In the district of Santa Cruz can be reached through the so-called Gardens of Murillo, or through the arch, located next to the patio Banderas, it is like a hall leading to the magnificent Alcazar fortress. Structure and street names - Meson del Moro, Vida, Susona, Gloria - they all have individual character.
- Plaza de Espana, Sevilla. This architectural complex of extraordinary originality, which was created by the Latin American Exhibition of 1929 by architect Anibal Gonzalez. By the Plaza de Espana is a beautiful Avenida Isabel the Catholic, passing through the heart of the Park of Maria Luisa.
- Provincial Museum of Fine Arts of Seville is considered one of the most important in the Spanish art. In the beautiful old convent of La Merced, dating from the 17th century, in the street of Alfonso XII is one of the most important collections of Spanish art. Religious paintings exhibited here was born in Seville Esteban Murillo, but the collection also includes works by other artists of the Seville school, such as Juan de Valdes Leal and Francisco de Zurbaran. It also kept two paintings by El Greco.
- Today the Cathedral of Santa Maria de la Sede (Cathedral of Seville) stands on the site of the Grand Mosque of Cordoba was built by Caliph Abu Yakub in the IX. In the early years of the XV century. Mosque was demolished and in its place began building a Christian church.
- building, which currently holds the University was built in the XVIII century, and for a long time here was the Tobacco Factory. It occupies a large area and is one of four major buildings in Spain.
- Giralda - landmark, a symbol of Seville, square tower that rises above the Seville Cathedral to a height of 93 meters. Built about 1190, at a time when developed in Andalusia Moorish art. First there was the main minaret of the mosque. Once in 1248 Ferdinand III conquered Seville, the mosque was used as the Cathedral, and later rebuilt in the Gothic style.
Map of Sevilla: