Alicante — the capital of the Spanish province of the same name. Alicante is located in the heart of the Costa Blanca, on the virtual border between North and South beaches (Costa del Norte and the Costa del Sur).
It is a famous tourist center of the Costa Blanca. Alicante is a city in which architecture uniquely combines elements of Greek, Roman, Moorish, Gothic styles, Baroque and Art Nouveau.
Attractions of Alicante:
- On the cliff Benacantil, whose height is 166 m, rises the castle Castillo de Santa Barbara. In the castle can be reached by elevator, which is located at the end of the street Calle Juan Bautista Lafora. The strategic position of the rocks at the time used the Carthaginian generals - in the III. BC this place was built a formidable fortress, which no one dared to attack for 2000 years. The fortress was rebuilt and fortified by the Romans, then the Moors, then Christians (16.), Which gave it its present name. Among the attractions of the castle can be identified Torre de Homenaje ("Tower honors"), El Baluarte de los Ingleses ("English bastion"), a chapel La Capilla de Santa Barbara, salon Philip II, etc. From the castle you can see the entire city of Alicante, as well as neighboring cities of Santa Pola, Benidorm, San Juan, Aitana.
- On the opposite side of the city is another castle - Castillo de San Fernando (Castillo de San Femando), which was built during the War of Independence 1808 1814 Castle dominates the municipal park (Parque Municipal).
- The church Iglesia de Santa Maria, which is close to the Castle Santa Barbara. The church was built in the Gothic style on the site of a Muslim mosque, in honor of the victory over the Moors. Subsequently, the main altar and the portal was rebuilt in Baroque style. They can be seen today. In addition, the Church has lovely paintings. Museo de Arte del Siglo XX - Museo de la Asegurada (Museum of Art XX century) and is located in the square Plaza de Santa Maria. The museum contains an interesting collection of art of XX century: works by Kandinsky, Braque, Ernst, Chagall, Picasso, Giacometti, Gris, Miró, as well as works of Spanish artists of the '50s: Alfaro, Kanogar, Mompo, Saura, Tapies, Sabel, Viola.
- City Hall (Ayuntamiento). This building is famous for a remarkable 18th century Baroque façade - the work of a local architect Lorenzo Chapuli. Each year, in June, on the last night of "traditional fires," the main holiday of the city, at exactly polnoch, Mayor of Alicante (alcalde) lights a fuse with which ignited a wooden doll, located in the center of the square. When the flame covers the figure, under the cheering and greeting visitors, hundreds of lights are lit throughout the city and the holiday begins Nit del Foe (Night of Fire).
- Cathedral of La Catedral San Nicolas de Bari is behind Ayuntamiento, on a parallel street. Which was built in 1662 in honor of the patron saint of Alicante - San Nicolas de Bari and is considered one of the most important historical monuments of the city. After the Civil War, 1936-39. Cathedral was restored. The facade of the cathedral - a work of Juan de Herrera (Juan de Herrera), the architect who designed the famous monastery of El Escorial, near Madrid. The cathedral is a beautiful gilded altar, surrounded by delicate grids, as well as altars in the baroque style "Churriguera" (early 18th century Spanish Baroque).
- District El barrio de Santa Cruz - (next to the cathedral) the only surviving virtually untouched, Moorish part of the old city, where the Moors lived after the victory of Christians. Museo Arqueologico Provincial (the Archaeological Museum) - Palacio de la Diputacion. Which are: ceramics and household items Moors and other peoples who have left their mark in the history of Alicante.
- "The heart of Alicante" - street La Rambia de Mendez Nunes. On this street are all official parades and processions, religious and festive processions. La Rambia starts in the center of the city, close to the market, and ends on the waterfront in the Paseo Maritimo and Explanada de Espana.
- Monastery of El Monasterio de Santa Veronica / de Santa Faz - is situated 5 km from the city, near the highway, in the direction of Valencia. Built in 1766 in the Renaissance style portal - in the Baroque style. There is also a fortress tower 16. Every year in May, more than 50,000 pilgrims and itinerant traders, with staffs, garnished with a sprig of rosemary, come to the monastery pas feast of the Holy Face (Santa Faz) pay homage to the canvas with the Holy Face of Jesus Christ. According to legend, this piece of cloth of St. Veronica and touched the face of Jesus to wipe the bloody sweat. Christ's facial features remain forever etched on the canvas ... In the province of Alicante began to dignify the relic during the drought of 1489, when the painting was brought from Rome. There are two other similar relics of the Holy Face, in the city of Jaen (Jaen, Spain) and at the Vatican. According to authoritative theologians, original painting turned into three.
- Paseo Maritimo - Primorsky Boulevard, a favorite walking place of citizens and tourists. On the Paseo Maritimo with its wonderful palm lined many shops, restaurants, bars and cafes. Alley paved with tiles of scarlet, beige and white marble, gives the impression of an isolated island of calm in the bustle of a modern city.
Map of Alicante: