Transport and communications in Spain
The internal transport system in Spain is a radical structure with many major highways and rail lines that converge in Madrid. The total length of the railway network - about 22 thousand km, of which one quarter of electrified (1993). The main lines use broad gauge, local lines, which represent the length of one sixth of the entire network to have a narrow track. In the late 1970s, railroads Spain were significantly modernized: moving sostav updated, improved rail-chair and cloth, and steep turns and hills leveled. In 1987, some seminal 13th annual implementation plan for rail service. In 1993, thanks to subsidies from the EU has launched the first high-speed passenger line Madrid - Cordoba - Seville, Cordoba and then branch - Malaga.
Spain's road network is 332 thousand km, of which 2/5 - with paved. In the past decade has increased dramatically car park. In 1963 in Spain naschityvalos 529,700 cars and 260,000 trucks (including tractors). In 1991, the corresponding figures were 12.5 million and 2.5 million vehicles.
Spanish merchant navy in 1990 consisted of 416 ships, totaling 3.1 million gross tons of register. The main seaports in Spain - Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia.
In Spain, there are two state-owned airlines - "Iberia" and "Avіado" as well as a number of small private airlines. The company "Iberia" operates flights to Latin America, the U.S., Canada, Japan, North Africa and Europe, as well as domestic flights. The most heavily are the airport of Palma on nA. Majorca. Other large airports are located in Madrid, Barcelona, Las Palmas (on about. Gran Canaria), Malaga, Seville and on about. Tenerife.