Forestry and agriculture in Spain
Agriculture has long been an important area for the Spanish economy. By the beginning of 1950 years, when the industry was ahead of him on the tempam for agricultural development, Spain has been a major source of revenue for the state, and in 1992 it was reduced to a particle of 4%. A particle of people employed in agriculture has continued to decline - from 42% in 1986 to 8% in 1992.
Since the 1970s dramatically increased the amount of fruit and vegetables in Spain. In 1992, the amount grown fruits and vegetables exceeded the grain harvest. Many fruits and vegetables are grown for export, mainly in the EU.
The country has only processed 40% of the land. About 16% of the cultivated land is irrigated. Meadows and pastures occupy 13% of the territory, forests and woodlands - 31%. Because for centuries in many areas of the country forests were cut down mercilessly, the government implemented a large-scale reforestation program. Among the plantations is very much appreciated cork oak, at this time Spain is the second largest in the world (after Portugal) for the production of cork. Maritime pine is widely used to produce tar and turpentine.
Spain holds the second place in the world for the production of olive oil, and the third - on the production of wine (Spanish wine). Plantation of olive trees are mostly in the latifundia Andalusia and New Castile, and the grapes are grown in the New and Old Castile, Andalusia and eastern parts of the country. Citrus, vegetables and sugar beet - is also important crops. The main grain crop - wheat - grown in the central plateau Meseta using the methods of rainfed agriculture.
In 1991 in Spain, there were 55 million head of poultry (23.7 million in 1933), 5.1 million head of cattle (3.6 million in 1933), and takzhe 16.1 million pigs and 24 , 5 million sheep. Most of the livestock population is concentrated in the humid northern areas of the country.