10 Part three. Chapter Two. On the development of laws
SECTION ONE. THE BASIC RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Chapter One. The Spaniards and foreigners
Chapter Two. Rights and freedoms
Part 1. Fundamental rights and public freedoms
Part 2. On the rights and responsibilities of citizens
Chapter Three. The fundamental principles of social and economic policy
Chapter Four. On guarantees of fundamental freedoms and human
Chapter Five. On the suspension of the rights and freedoms
SECTION TWO. ABOUT CROWN
SECTION THREE. About the Cortes Generales
Chapter One. About the Chambers
Chapter Two. On the development of laws
Chapter Three. On International Treaties
SECTION FOUR. ABOUT THE STATE GOVERNMENT AND ADMINISTRATION
SECTION FIVE. ON RELATIONS BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT AND Cortes Generales
SECTION EIGHT. ON TERRITORIAL UNIT OF THE STATE
Chapter One. General Provisions
Chapter Two. Local Government
Chapter Three. On Autonomous Communities
CHAPTER NINE. THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT
SECTION TEN. On constitutional reform
On the development of laws
1. Organic Laws are the laws relating to the development of fundamental rights and freedoms, laws, statutes favoring autonomy and Substrate treatment of the electoral system, as well as other laws under the Constitution
2. For the adoption, modification or cancellation of an organic law requires an absolute majority of the votes of the Congress on the final vote of the whole project.
1. Cortes Generales may delegate Pravitelstvu right to make rules having the force of law on matters not specified in the preceding article.
2. The delegation of legislative power is through basic law when it comes to the development of articles of the text, or by the ordinary law when it comes to combining the various legislative texts into one.
3. The legislative powers are given to the Government in particular forme on a certain item and indicating the duration of their action. Sent powers are exhausted from the publication of the Government of the appropriate regulation. They can not be provided in the form of vague or indefinite. The legislative powers can not be transferred other than by Government authorities.
4. Basic laws clearly opredelyayut purpose and scope of the legislative powers transferred, as well as the principles and criteria that must be met in their implementation.
5. In granting authority to the processing of the texts are set outside rulemaking in accordance with legislative powers and specifies whether to limit the elaboration of a single text, or provide for the possibility uporyadocheniya, classification and approval of several legislative texts.
6. Regardless of the jurisdiction of the courts, the laws of delegating legislative powers may ustanavlivat in each case, additional forms of control.
Basic laws in any case can not
a) authorize the change of the basic law;
b) provide the right ustanavlivat rules retroactively.
In the event that any legislative proposal or amendment contrary to the implementation of the legislative powers granted, the Government has the right to stop their investigation. In such a case can be presented a legislative proposal on the full or partial repeal of delegating legislative powers.
Acts issued by the Government of Spain on the basis of zakonodatelnogo delegation are called by legislative decree.
1. In emergency and urgent circumstances, the Government may issue temporary legislation in the form of a decree - laws that can not affect theft alarm key institutions of the state, the rights, duties and freedoms enshrined in section 1, the order of the autonomous community, and universal suffrage.
2. Decree-laws are put immediately for discussion and vote of the Congress in full force, which, if not convened for this purpose shall be convened within thirty srok with the promulgation of the Decree-Law. During that period the Congress must decide whether to approve or cancel the decree-law. Regulation provides for this special shortened procedure.
3. During the period specified in the preceding paragraph, the Cortes Generales may consider the passage of urgent bills.
1. The right of legislative initiative belongs to the Government, the Congress and the Senate in accordance with the Constitution and the regulations of the Chambers.
2. Assembly of the Autonomous Communities may apply to the Government for the acceptance of bills, as well as submit to the Bureau Kongressa legislative proposals authorizing mentioned in the House to protect them no more than three members of the Assembly.
3. An organic law determines the conditions and methods of the people of the initiative to submit legislative proposals. In any case, require the collection of not less than 500,000 certified signatures. Such an initiative can not take place on issues related to the organic law, matters relating to taxation, international relations and law pomilovaniya.
The Council of Ministers shall adopt the bills, which then contributes to the Congress with a statement of the reasons and prerequisites for their consideration.
1. Chambers regulations govern the consideration of legislative proposals. With priority bills in the order of consideration is not an obstacle to the exercise of legislative initiative referred to in Article 87.
2. Legislative proposals adopted by the Senate for its consideration in accordance with Article 87 shall be sent to Congress for dalneyshego discussion.
1. After the adoption of conventional or organic bill in the Congress of Deputies chairman of the Congress immediately reported to the President of the Senate, which, in turn, makes the bill to his chamber.
2. Senate within two months of receipt of the text message can be motivated to veto or amend the text. The veto by an absolute majority golosov. In the case of a veto for the transfer of the project to the signature of the King, require the approval of the original text of an absolute majority in the Congress, or the approval of a simple majority after two months from the date of offer or the acceptance or rejection by Congress amended by a simple majority vote.
3. Two-month period provided by the Senate to exercise the right of veto or amendment shall be reduced to twenty calendar days for bills declared by the Government or Kongressom deputies urgent.
1. King signed within fifteen days of the laws passed by the Cortes Generales, and orders for their immediate promulgation.
1. Particularly important political decisions can be put to a national advisory referendum.
2. The referendum shall be Korolem at the suggestion of the Chairman of the Government, previously approved by the Congress of Deputies.
3. An organic law determines the conditions and procedures for different types of referendum provided for in this Konstitutsiey.