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09 Part three. Chapter One. About the Chambers



Chapter One. The Spaniards and foreigners
Chapter Two. Rights and freedoms
Part 1. Fundamental rights and public freedoms
Part 2. On the rights and responsibilities of citizens
Chapter Three. The fundamental principles of social and economic policy
Chapter Four. On guarantees of fundamental freedoms and human
Chapter Five. On the suspension of the rights and freedoms
SECTION THREE. About the Cortes Generales
Chapter One. About the Chambers
Chapter Two. On the development of laws
Chapter Three. On International Treaties



Chapter One. General Provisions
Chapter Two. Local Government
Chapter Three. On Autonomous Communities
SECTION TEN. On constitutional reform






About the Cortes Generales

Chapter One

About the Chambers

Article 66

1. Cortes Generales predstavlayut Spanish people and consist of the Congress of Deputies and the Senate.

2. Cortes Generales exercise the legislative power of the state, taking the state budget, supervise the activities of the state and, in addition, have the powers provided for in the Constitution.

3. Cortes Generales are inviolable.

Article 67

1. One and the same person can not simultaneously be a member of both Houses, or combine parliamentary seat member Assembly of the Autonomous Community and the deputy Kongrecsa.

2. The members of the Cortes Generales is not bound by an imperative mandate.

3. Assembly of Parliamentarians held in accordance with the procedure of convening provided in the regulations, are not eligible for the Chambers and can not perform the functions of the Chambers or to enjoy their privileges.

Article 68

1. The minimum number of members of Congress - 300 people maximum - 400. The deputies are elected by free, universal, equal, direct and secret ballot in the manner prescribed by law.

2. Constituency is the province. Ceuta and Melilla shall elect a Congress MP. The law allocates the total number of deputies, setting the preliminary minimum representation of each constituency and distributing the rest of the number of seats proportional to the number of population.

3. Elections are held in each election okruge on the basis of proportional representation.

4. Congress is elected for a term of four years. The action of the deputy's mandate expires four years after his election or after the dissolution of the House.

5. Are the voters and may be elected to all Spaniards enjoying political rights in full, the law recognizes the right to vote of Spaniards outside terpitorii Spain. The State assists in the implementation of this right.

6. Elections will take place no earlier than thirty days and no later than sixty days from the expiry of the mandate. The newly elected Congress convened not later than twenty-five days from the date of the election.

Article 69

1. The Senate is the chamber of territorial representation.

2. From each province, four Senators elected by universal free equal, direct and secret vote of its voters in the conditions provided for by law.

3. In the island provinces of each island or islands association with the Cabildo or insular Council, form a constituency for the election of senators. By three senators are elected from each of the larger islands - Gran Canaria, Mallorca and Tenerife - and one from the following islands or groups of islands: Ibiza, Formentera, Menorca, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, El Hierro, Lanzarote and La Palma.

4. Ceuta and Melilla shall elect two senators.

5. The Autonomous Communities shall appoint a Senator and a further one per million of the population living in their territory. Appointment shall be the appropriate Legislature, and in his absence the supreme collective body of the Autonomous Community in accordance with its charter, which is to provide, in any case adekvatnoe proportional representation.

6. The Senate is elected for a term of four years. Action senatorial mandate expires four years after the election of senators or after the dissolution of the House.

Article 70

1. The electoral law shall determine the conditions and procedure for the election of incompatibility in relation to the deputies and senators. In all cases, the senators and deputies can not be

a) The members of the Constitutional Court,

b) Senior officials of the public administration specified in the law, with the exception of members of the Government,

c) The defenders of the people,

g) Members of the courts, judges and prosecutors,

e) Professional soldiers and persons on active duty in the national security and the police,

e) Members of electoral commissions.

2. Validity of acts and mandates of the members of the Chambers obeih determined by the court, under the conditions established by law.

Article 71

1. Deputies and Senators shall be inviolable. Not allowed prosecution for opinions expressed during the exercise of their duties.

2. During his mandate, the deputies and senators also enjoy immunity and may not be detained, except in cases when they are caught in the act. They can not be charged, and they can not be sued without soglaciya the Chamber.

3. The criminal case against the deputies and senators can only be seen by the Military Chamber of the Supreme Court.

4. The salaries of deputies and senators is determined by the relevant Chamber.

Article 72

1. Chamber set their own regulations, approve their own budgets, and by mutual agreement, determine the status of the technical staff of the Cortes Generales. Regulations and their changes are submitted as a whole for a final vote. Adoption shall require an absolute majority of votes.

2. Each Chamber shall elect from its members a chairman and other members of the House of the Presidency. Joint meetings are chaired by the President of the Congress and in accordance with the rules of the Cortes Generales, received an absolute majority of each House.

3. Presidents of the Chambers carried out on behalf of all administrative powers and perform the functions of the police in the building of the House.

Article 73

1. The Chambers shall meet in ordinary session twice a year: the first - from September to December, the second - from February to June.

2. Houses may meet in extraordinary session at the request of the Government, permanent deputy of the Commission or by the Absolute majority of the total number of the members of either House. Extraordinary sessions are convened to discuss a specific agenda and complete cvoyu work after discussions on the agenda.

Article 74

1. Branches meet together for the implementation of non-legislative powers specifically provided for the Cortes Generales in Section 2 of this Constitution.

2. The decisions of the Cortes Generales, under articles 94.1, 145.2 and 158.2, by a majority vote of each chamber. In the first case the initiative discussion belongs to Congress in the other two - to the Senate. If no agreement is reached between the Senate and the Congress, in both cases, and in order to achieve the consent of the mixed commission composed of an equal number of deputies and senators. The Commission shall submit the text to be submitted to a vote obeih Chambers. If in this case the agreement is not reached, the Congress shall decide the absolute majority of votes.

Article 75

1. Chamber operate in plenary sessions and in committees.

2. Chambers may delegate a permanent legislative commission the right to make laws and legislative proposals. However, the Chamber may at any time require discussion at its meeting and adoption of any legislation or legislative proposals aimed at addressing the Commission.

3. From prescribed in the preceding paragraph are excluded: constitutional reform, international affairs, organic and basic laws and gosudarstvenny budget.

Article 76

1. Congress and the Senate, and in some cases, both the House together, can form a Commission of Inquiry on any matter of public interest. Finally, the Commission is not required for the following, without prejudice to the decisions of the judiciary, but the results of the investigation may be transferred to the prosecutor's office for use in appropriate cases.

2. Turnout at the request of the Chambers reserved. The law establishes sanktsii for non-compliance.

Article 77

1. Houses may receive individual and collective needs, be sure to be in writing. Prohibits the direct taking of requests from citizens demonstrations.

2. Chamber may direct the Government complements their requests. The government is required to comment on their content, if required by the House.

Article 78

1. Each House has a permanent parliamentary commission, which consists of not less than twenty-one member representing the parliamentary groups in proportion to their numbers.

2. At the head of the permanent commission chairmen are relevant Chambers, which perform the functions provided for in Article 73, which are the responsibility of the Chambers in accordance with Articles 86 and 116 in the event of dissolution or expiration of the mandate and powers of the House provide a departure between sessions.

3. At the end of the mandate, or in the event of the dissolution of the Chambers of the permanent commission shall remain in office until the convocation of the new Cortes Generales.

4. When going to the Chamber concerned, the constant deputatskaya Commission shall report to her about her issues discussed and decisions taken.

Article 79

1. For decisions of the House should be collected according to the rules, with the necessary presence of a majority of their members.

2. Solutions are considered valid if they are voted for most of the members present, except in cases where, in accordance with the Constitution or the organic laws require a different majority, or the rims associated with the election of officers, in the manner prescribed regulations Chambers.

3. Voting is done by senators and deputies in person and can not be delegated to others.

Article 80

The plenary sessions of the Chambers shall be public unless kogda each House by an absolute majority of votes or when prescribed regulations.